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刘家悦副教授论文《环境规制与制造业出口质量升级——基于要素投入结构异质性的视角》发表
  发布时间:2018-02-15  发布人:本站编辑  来源:本站原创   浏览次数: [ ] [打印文章] [关闭窗口]   

刘家悦副教授论文《环境规制与制造业出口质量升级——基于要素投入结构异质性的视角》在《中国人口·资源与环境》2018年第2期发表。论文认为:现有文献在分析环境规制对贸易比较优势的影响时,忽略了行业固有的异质性属性,进而导致研究结论存在较大差异。鉴于此,本文从要素投入结构异质性的视角,剖析环境规制对不同行业出口质量升级的影响机理,并利用中国制造业的行业面板数据,运用系统GMM估计方法,考察环境规制对制造业出口质量的异质性影响,研究发现:(1)环境规制通过"抵消效应"和"补偿效应"影响制造业出口质量升级,而影响方向主要取决于该行业的要素投入结构。(2)对于要素投入结构中固定资产投资比重较大的行业来说,当前的环境规制政策不利于该行业的出口质量升级,但二者之间存在显著的"U"型动态关系,即随着环境规制政策的日趋严格,当规制强度跨过拐点之后,则会对出口质量升级起到促进作用;而对于固定资产投资比重较小的行业,环境规制对出口质量升级会产生有利影响,并且呈现出边际影响递增的"J"型特征。(3)人力资本投入、自主研发、技术引进和外资参与对不同要素投入结构行业的出口质量升级均发挥了预期的积极作用;而人均资本存量的提高和企业规模的扩大对出口质量升级并没有表现出显著的直接影响。以上结论在使用不同的计量方法和变量替换后,依然保持稳健。因此,本文认为政府应该针对行业类型的异质性制定差异化的、分层次的环境规制政策,并加强当前环境规制政策的执行力度,倒逼企业通过改进技术、提高产品质量的路径应对环境规制成本的上升,淘汰落后产业,化解过剩产能,从供给侧推动经济结构转型升级。

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FreeMarker template error: The following has evaluated to null or missing: ==> channel [in template "WEB-INF/t/cms/wlsprd/default/content/inc_comment_input.html" at line 75, column 10] Tip: If the failing expression is known to be legally null/missing, either specify a default value with myOptionalVar!myDefault, or use [#if myOptionalVar??]when-present[#else]when-missing[/#if]. (These only cover the last step of the expression; to cover the whole expression, use parenthessis: (myOptionVar.foo)!myDefault, (myOptionVar.foo)?? The failing instruction (FTL stack trace): ---------- ==> #elseif channel.commentControl == 1 &... [in template "WEB-INF/t/cms/wlsprd/default/content/inc_comment_input.html" at line 75, column 1] #include "../content/inc_comment_inpu... [in template "WEB-INF/t/cms/wlsprd/default/special/comment_page.html" at line 101, column 7] ---------- Java stack trace (for programmers): ---------- freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException: [... Exception message was already printed; see it above ...] at freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException.getInstance(InvalidReferenceException.java:98) at freemarker.core.UnexpectedTypeException.newDesciptionBuilder(UnexpectedTypeException.java:41) at freemarker.core.UnexpectedTypeException.(UnexpectedTypeException.java:24) at freemarker.core.Dot._eval(Dot.java:81) at freemarker.core.Expression.eval(Expression.java:111) at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.compare(EvalUtil.java:146) at freemarker.core.ComparisonExpression.evalToBoolean(ComparisonExpression.java:103) at freemarker.core.AndExpression.evalToBoolean(AndExpression.java:68) at freemarker.core.IfBlock.accept(IfBlock.java:82) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:265) at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:93) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:265) at freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1712) at freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:172) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:265) at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:93) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:265) at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:243) at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:277) at com.jeecms.common.web.springmvc.SimpleFreeMarkerView.renderMergedTemplateModel(SimpleFreeMarkerView.java:111) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractTemplateView.renderMergedOutputModel(AbstractTemplateView.java:167) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:263) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1208) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:992) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:939) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:856) at 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org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:445) at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1115) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:637) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AprEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(AprEndpoint.java:2555) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AprEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(AprEndpoint.java:2544) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source) at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61) at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source)